All descriptions from Stokes Field Guide to Birds

 

Carduelis pinus
Forages on the ground and in foliage for conifer cone seeds, weed seeds, insects, flower buds, and nectar. Comes to bird feeders, sometimes in large numbers, for sunflower and thistle.

Nest of grasses, twigs, rootlets, bark strips, and lichens lined with feathers, fur, and rootlets, placed in tree branch 3-50 ft. above the ground

Irruptive species. Seen in large numbers in some years. Often found with goldfinches.


Sitta carolinensis
Creeps headfirst down tree trunks. Eats nuts, acorns, and insects. Comes to bird feeders for suet and sunflower seeds.

Nest of twigs, bark shreds, fur, and hair, placed in natural cavity, birdhouse, or abandoned woodpecker hole 15-50 ft. above the ground.

Nuthatches are best known for their habit of storing food in bark crevices and their ability to move headfirst down trees, enabling them to find food that "right-side up" birds, like woodpeckers, might miss.Courtship begins in winter with the male singing. He does mate feeding (presenting female with food) through the incubation phase.


Melanerpes formicivorus
Eats insects, tree sap, and fruit. Caches acorns and other nuts in holes drilled in trees, utility poles, even buildings; 1 commercial group can store 50,000 nuts in a season. Will come to suet and seed at feeders.

Nests in colonies. Excavates nesting cavity in dead or live tree, usually an oak, 6-25 ft. above the ground.

Lives in communal groups and breeds cooperatively in parts of range. Groups are composed of up to 4 breeding males, 1-2 breeding females, and up to 10 offspring of preceding years. All group members help with excavating nest and with feeding and brooding young. Some birds in Arizona do not nest communally or store acorns.


Selasphorus sasin
Eats nectar, insects; visits hummingbird feeders.

Nest of moss, dried weed stems, willow down, animal hair, feathers, tied together with spider's silk; placed straddling a branch of bush or vine. May rebuild over old nest.

Male does spectacular U-shaped dive display, rising up 25 ft. on each side. After several swings, he spirals 75-100 ft. high, then dives, making a rough whistling sound at bottom. Done toward females and territorial intruders. Females raise young alone, nesting well away from males' territories. In some cases, female lays eggs while nest is just shallow cup, then continues to add material to nest until young fledge.


Meleagris gallopavo
Feeds on the ground, eating nuts, acorns, and seeds. Also eats grains, vegetation, insects, frogs, lizards.

Nest is placed in a natural or scraped depression and lined with leaves and grasses.

Spends the winter in same or mixed sex flock. In courtship, male struts and gobbles with tail fanned. Female responds with yelping call. Male may mate with many females. Female raises young.


Carduelis psaltria
Eats wide variety of seeds from trees, weeds, grasses, also flower buds and berries. Comes to bird feeders for sunflower and thistle.

Nest of bark, moss, and plant stems lined with feathers, cotton, and plant down, placed in shrub or tree 2-30 ft. above the ground.

Found in small to large flocks in winter, often along with other goldfinches, Pine Siskins, and Dickcissels. Drawn to habitats that include a good water source.

 

Blackbird

Brewer's
Red-Winged

 

Bluebird, Western

Bunting, Lazuli

Bushtit

Chickadee, Chestnut-backed

Cowbird, Brown-headed

Coot, American

Cormorant, Double-crested

Creeper, Brown

Crow, American

Dove

Mourning
Rock

 

Duck

Pintail
Wood

 

Eagle

Bald
Golden

 

Egret

Great
Snowey

 

Falcon, Peregrine

Finch

House
Purple

 

 Flicker, Northern

Flycatcher

Ash-throated
Pacific-slope

 

Goldfinch

American
Lesser

 

Goose, Canada

Grackel, Great-tailed

Grebe, Pied-billed

Grosbeak, Black-headed

Gull

Ring-billed
Western

 

Harrier, Northern

Hawk

Cooper's
Red-shouldered
Red-tailed
Sharp-shinned

 

Heron

Black-crowned night
Great Blue
Green

 

Hummingbird

Allen's
Anna's
Bkack-chinned

 

Jay

Steller's
Western Srrub

 

Junco, Dark-eyed

Kestrel, American

Killdeer

Kingbird, Western

Kingfisher, Belted

Kinglet

Golden-crowned
Ruby-crowned

 

Kite, White-tailed

Mallard

Mockingbird, Northern

Nuthatch

Red-breasted

White-breasted

 

Oriole

Bullock's

Hooded

 

Osprey

Owl

Barn

Greathorned

Western Screech

Northern pygmy

 

Phoebe

Black

Say's

 

Quail, California

Raven, Common

Robin, American

Sandpiper, Spotted

Sapsucker, Red-breasted

Siskin, Pine

Sparrow

Fox

Golden-crowned

House

Song

White-crowned

 

Starling, European

Swallow

Barn

Cliff

Tree

Violet-green

 

Tanager, Western

Tern, Caspian

Thrasher, California

Thrush

Hermit

Varied

 

Titmouse, Oak

Towhee

California

Spotted

 

Turkey, Wild

Vireo, Hutton's

Vulture, Turkey

Warbler

Orange-crowned

Townsend's

Wilson's

Yellow

Yellow-rumped

 

Waxwing, Cedar

Woodpecker

Acorn

Downey

Hairy

Nuttail's

Pileated

 

Wren

Bewick's

House

Winter

 


Wrentit